Sibyls


Sibyls
   Sibyls were women from the ancient era who could foretell the future. They were named for their region of origin. So, for example, the Delphic Sibyl was from Delphi, the Libyan Sibyl from Libya, and so on. The Romans identified 10 sibyls in their writings, each associated with an oracular shrine where they obtained the information that allowed them to declare their prophecies, like the Persian Sibyl who foretold Alexander the Great's successes in battle while presiding over the Oracle of Apollo in Babylon. The Early Christian leaders interpreted the prophecies of the sibyls as announcements of the coming of Christ. As a result, sibyls were commonly depicted in religious art. The best-known representations of these women are in Michelangelo's Sistine ceiling at the Vatican (1508-1512). Jan van Eyck included sibyls and prophets, their male counterparts, on the lunettes of the Ghent Altarpiece (c. 1425-1432; Ghent, Cathedral of St-Bavon) above the Annunciation. Andrea del Castagno added the Cumean Sibyl to the group of illustrious men and women he painted in the loggia of the Villa Carducci at Legnaia (1448; now in Florence, Uffizi), Raphael rendered five sibyls above an arch in the Chigi Chapel at Santa Maria della Pace, Rome (1512-1513), and Domenichino painted an unidentified sibyl (1616-1617; Rome, Galleria Borghese) as a single figure surrounded by musical instruments, as supposedly these women imparted their prophecies through song.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sibyls — sib·yl || sɪbɪl n. woman who the ancient Greeks or Romans considered to be an oracle or a seer; prophetess …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Sibyls (Raphael) — Infobox Painting| title=Sybils artist=Raphael year=1514 type=Fresco height=? width=? city=Rome museum=Santa Maria della PaceThe Sybils , or Sybils receiving instruction from Angels , is a painting by the Italian renaissance artist Raphael. It was …   Wikipedia

  • Sibyl — The word sibyl probably comes (via Latin) from the Greek word sibylla , meaning prophetess. (Other schools of thought suggest that the word may have come from Arabic.) The earlier oracular seeresses known as the sibyls of antiquity, who… …   Wikipedia

  • Sibylline Oracles — • The name given to certain collections of supposed prophecies, emanating from the sibyls or divinely inspired seeresses, which were widely circulated in antiquity Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sibylline Oracles     S …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sibylline oracles — c. 1616 17 depiction of a Sibyl by Domenichino This article is about the Sibylline Oracles. For the books, see Sibylline Books. The Sibylline Oracles (sometimes called the pseudo Sibylline Oracles ) are a collection of oracular utterances written …   Wikipedia

  • Phrygian Sibyl — In the extended complement of sibyls of the Gothic and Renaissance imagination, the Phrygian Sibyl was the priestess presiding over an Apollonian oracle at Phrygia, a historical kingdom in the west central part of the Anatolian highlands. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Cumaean Sibyl — by Andrea del Castagno. The ageless Cumaean Sibyl was the priestess presiding over the Apollonian oracle at Cumae, a Greek colony located near Naples, Italy. The word sibyl comes (via Latin) from the ancient Greek word sibylla, meaning prophetess …   Wikipedia

  • Sistine Chapel ceiling — The Sistine Chapel ceiling, painted by Michelangelo between 1508 and 1512, is one of the most renowned artworks of the High Renaissance. The ceiling is that of the large Sistine Chapel built within the Vatican by Pope Sixtus IV, begun in 1477 and …   Wikipedia

  • The Snow Queen (novel) — infobox Book | name = The Snow Queen title orig = translator = image caption = Cover of first edition (hardcover) author = Joan D. Vinge illustrator = Michael Whelan cover artist = Leo and Diane Dillon country = United States language = English… …   Wikipedia

  • sibyl — /sib euhl/, n. 1. any of certain women of antiquity reputed to possess powers of prophecy or divination. 2. a female prophet or witch. [1250 1300; < Gk Síbylla SIBYLLA; r. ME Sibil < ML Sibilla < Gk, as above] Syn. seer, prophetess, oracle,… …   Universalium


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